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Essential Security Elements In SA Over The December Period – How To Ensure You Have No Security Gaps This Festive Season

Essential Security Elements In SA Over The December Period – How To Ensure You Have No Security Gaps This Festive Season

Essential Security Elements In SA Over The December Period – How To Ensure You Have No Security Gaps This Festive Season

The December period in South Africa brings school holidays, families going on holiday, Christmas and New Year’s celebrations. With this, it means that a lot of people are away from their homes, and businesses are closed, over this period. Shopping Centres and Holiday Destinations see increased numbers of people. Shopping Centres are at higher risk of being targeted during the December period in South Africa, whether during operating hours or outside of it. In general, criminals will target any place, anywhere, any time. This may even include hospitals, the beach, or vacant office buildings. We discuss how to ensure you have no security gaps this festive season.

“1. Cellular BDAs (Bi-Directional Amplifier)

Cellular BDA’s are an essential component of a comprehensive security solution. In the case of an emergency, cellular BDAs enable mass notification in the form of pre-recorded voice mails or text messages sent to cell phones. Keep in mind that unreliable cell coverage in a building or on your campus adversely affects your ability to effectively communicate in the case of an emergency.

2. Mass Notification Systems

Sound systems (e.g., paging and sound masking systems) play an important role in security solutions as messages can be sent via the sound system to alert those in an affected area.

3. Video Surveillance

Think both interior (e.g., hallways and elevators) and exterior surveillance including parking garages and walkways. Surveillance solutions are an essential component to a comprehensive security solution as the system can identify a possible risk, enable monitoring and provide a record of what transpired and when.

4. Intrusion Detection

This component of a comprehensive security solution is perhaps the most common and most understood. Intrusion detection incorporates both audio and video alerts notifying people in the area of the intrusion and contacting security personnel to address the situation.

5. Emergency Phones

Comprehensive security solutions include monitoring and securing areas such as parking lots, parking garages and remote areas on your campus or premises. Emergency phones with the blue lights are a welcome sight in such areas as these phones are a direct link to the security department. Combined with an expertly installed surveillance system, security personnel can be alerted for a prompt response and a video record of the event. Do you have areas where an emergency phone is needed?

6. Access Control Systems

From bio-metrics to card access, access control systems provide an effective security solution commonly integrated into surveillance systems. Access control systems are an effective way to authorize access with applications for business, healthcare and education. Security personnel can monitor as well as retrieve records including video with date and time stamps.

7. Patient Tracking Systems

Protecting people in the form of patient tracking systems provides peace of mind for family members and is an important security component for healthcare personnel. Security and safety is enhanced when patient tracking systems are combined with access control, surveillance and sound systems for a comprehensive solution.

All of the above security system components can be fully integrated into a mass notification system to alert individuals of an event and provide recommended course of action.”

Get in touch with us today for a free assessment of your facility security and to get you secured!

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Commercial Security Missteps – How To Avoid Them

Commercial Security Missteps – How To Avoid Them

Commercial Security Missteps – How To Avoid Them

“How many security flaws do you believe are present at your workplace? Even if you have a security system installed, you may not be as protected as you think. Clever criminals excel at finding every little opportunity to strike and are likely better at sizing up the quality of a security system than you would expect. Without having the insight and technical expertise to identify weak spots or mistakes in your security system, you can easily present yourself as an easy target for burglary.

What Security Mistakes May Be Present In Your Workplace? And What Can You Do To Remedy Them If They Are There?

Only Securing Primary Entry Points

This is an incredibly dangerous mistake to make, and a surprisingly common one. Most facilities have multiple entry points, such as side and rear doors, loading bays, and employee entrances. It is absolutely essential to ensure that these locations are secured by some, preferably multiple security measures. Security cameras are a must, and, including extra layers of defence such as access control, is certainly recommended.

It is also important to pay attention for alternative entrances. Are there windows that can easily be entered? Is it possible for someone on the street level to gain access to your rooftop? Burglars will search for plenty of alternative entry methods that may not be immediately obvious to you at first glance. Securing these routes of entry are essential.

Pinching Pennies With Security Measures

What constitutes a good deal isn’t simply a low price tag. Simply put, you get what you pay for with a security system. The cheapest security options will never be the best, and half measures should never be considered when it comes to safety. While it may not be the easiest pill to swallow, quality hardware, installation, and monitoring come with higher costs, but it is worth it.

Neglecting Internal Security

Securing your facility internally is just as important as securing it externally. Professional criminals can get in and out of a business extremely fast, so even if an alarm is triggered by their entrance, it may be too late by the time law enforcement arrives on scene. Allowing a criminal access to your information or client information is disastrous, and, will likely cause severe damage financially and to your reputation. Intrusion detection and access control are both splendid tools in preventing this kind of theft.

Trusting A Non-Verified Security System

As mentioned earlier, security is NOT something you want to take half measures with. Typical alarm systems that skip the verification process will leave you vulnerable to false alarms, which often come with fines. More importantly, police won’t be as quick to react if they can’t trust that a crime is actually occurring.

Installing Too Much Security

Yes, this is a possibility. While it isn’t actually a security risk per-say, operating costs and monthly fees for running an excessive amount of equipment can add up. For this reason, we suggest finding professionals who are both trusted and have plenty of experience in this field. Letting greedy or underqualified consultants take advantage of your security needs by overselling you on hardware and services can potentially hurt your finances more than actual crime can!

Underestimating Criminals

There are some incredibly crafty criminals out there; while security systems are improving, so are they. Professional criminals are adept at knowing how to bypass conventional security measures. In order to properly secure your facility, you need security professionals who can out think them before they strike. Implementing an integrated solution with multiple technologies isn’t just suggested, it is necessary.”

Get in touch with us today for a free assessment of your facility security and to get you secured!

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Challenges In The South African Private Security Industry – Identifying And Overcoming Them

Challenges In The South African Private Security Industry – Identifying And Overcoming Them

Challenges In The South African Private Security Industry – Identifying And Overcoming Them

“The South African private security sector is facing more challenges than ever before. This was according to Tony Botes, national administrator, Security Association of South Africa (SASA), during his address at the Securex 2018 event, Africa’s leading security and fire trade exhibition, which took place recently at Gallagher Convention Centre in Johannesburg.”

South Africa has seen significant growth in the Private Security Industry in the past few years but continues to face challenges. We discuss some of the identified challenges faced by the Private Security Industry in South Africa and how to overcome them.

Challenges In The South African Private Security Industry – Identifying And Overcoming Them

Unrealistic Union Demands

“Unrealistic union demands plays a large role in the challenging stance of the private security industry’s environment, in the sense that poor pay is a relevant issue. “The majority of security companies realize low margins, with an average of 5% net profit, thus demanding a wage escalation of between 50-80% is unrealistic”, says Alex de Witt, Chief Executive of Omega Risk Solutions. De Witt is further of opinion that clients will either refuse to pay this, or look at technology to replace the human factor, which could lead to jobs being lost. Security companies need to collaborate with unions, reinforce their relationships with these unions to protect the labour force, as well as focus on refining training and development; and enforcing a code of conduct. This solution should be applied, in the sense that valuable and skills and experience is being lost and reflects negatively on the image on the private security industry.”

PSIRA (The Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority) New Regulations

“A concern for security firms, is that PSIRA (The Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority) has recently released new regulations which drastically change the regime of regulatory fees which are payable by the security service providers and security officers to PSIRA. These fees have been increased by approximately 40%, which registered companies are obliged to pay upfront on an annual basis, and no longer on a monthly basis, as published on The Skills Portal. These regulations are not only in complete contrast with the government policy on the support of small and medium businesses in South Africa, but also impact on larger security companies. A reason for the increase in these fees could be that PSIRA is not funded by government and driven on the revenue derived from security guards and companies’ levies. “Government will be taking responsibility for regulation i.e. they will be funding regulation”, says PSIRA director, Manabela Chauke. Diavastos, Group 4 Securicor HR Director and SIA executive committee member is of opinion that security guards, who already are earning a minimum wage, should not be contributing to the regulation of the industry out of their own pockets. Furthermore, Police minister Mthethwa states that should the government fund this regulatory body, PSIRA’s service delivery will improve, recruitment of more inspectors will drive compliance monitoring in the industry, and better information and communication technologies infrastructure will assist with compliance.

With elevated crime rates and a weak economy already creating pressure, the effects of this new regulation, could result in negative effects on the private security industry. The Security Industry Alliance (SIA) is taking action in communicating with the government in an effort to stop the increase, which Steve Conradie, CEO of SIA, says could lead to a rise in unemployment in this sector.”

Low Barriers To Entry Into The Industry

“The low barriers to entry into the industry are further a challenge. De Witt is articulates that there is a lack of co-ordination between regulatory departments and inspectors and that the regulatory aspects are often described too vaguely, rendering the implementation of these regulations being weak and deficient. Furthermore, according to the Private Security Chamber Chairperson, Anna Maoko, the ratio is 95%:5% in favour of private institutions, resulting in employers believing that higher success can be achieved through on-the-job training. This is an indication of the dissatisfaction at the quality of training being provided by the training institutions. “Training is expensive and it takes months to complete criminal checks and register new security guards, which leads to a loss of trained individuals whom go to work for unregistered companies, or seek employment in other industries”, says de Witt.”

Regular Demands For Bribes

“Regular demands for bribes are at the highest levels of the industry, from both clients and other role players. An ethical code of conduct needs to bring accountability on both those lobbying and paying bribes; they should face the full effect of the law. De Witt feels the industry is over regulated, but that the regulation is not put into practice.  Most clients want to commoditize security without considering consequences or specialized services.  Regulatory bodies need to act as arbitrators in the contract process. A further challenge in this regard, is that some clients pressure non-compliant security firms into signing open-ended contracts or demand the standards of professional companies.”

Unregistered And Non-Compliant Businesses

Although many security companies are actively registered with PSIRA, as described above, there is a concern regarding the number of unregistered and non-compliant businesses, which lead to fly-by-night companies that do not pay the minimum wage to their workers, resulting in them undercutting the market, says Conradie, and thus making it difficult for the registered companies to compete fairly. These fly-by-night companies provide services that are below standard, further reflecting negatively on the image of the security industry. “Most are thinly disguised labour brokers,” Conradie says; “they don’t offer any specialized services.” Lastly, De Witt believes there may be as many as 200 000 unregistered security officers working within the industry.”

Processing Of Firearm Competency Certificates

“A further challenge that the private security industry is faced with, is the slow rate at which the SA Police Service (SAPS) processes applications for firearm competency certificates that allow individuals to carry guns. Security firms that arm their employees need these certificates to operate. “The reason for this delay, is when police process applications, they occasionally find security companies and security guards that are not registered with PSIRA, and are not registered with the Companies & Intellectual Property (IP) Commission, also coming across situations where a dealer accepts a payment from more than one party, resulting in a duplicated license submission for the firearm”, Capt. D. Adriao, SAPS National spokesman articulates.”

Contact us today for a free quote on your security needs!

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Private Security South Africa – Tips For Helping Your Private Security Company In The Loop These December Holidays

Private Security South Africa – Tips For Helping Your Private Security Company In The Loop These December Holidays

Private Security South Africa – Tips For Helping Your Private Security Company In The Loop These December Holidays

In South Africa, the December holiday season brings school holidays, companies closing and families going on holiday. This means a lot of properties and businesses unattended, allowing more chances for criminals to strike. The private security industry is there to put your mind at ease during this time.

“How safe is South Africa over December? The bad news is that cases of armed robberies, burglaries, murder, attempted murder and serious assault tend to increase markedly over the festive season. Violent crimes that South Africans fear most like murder, attempted murder and robbery have increased dramatically over the past two years. And the bad news is that cases of armed robberies, burglaries, murder, attempted murder and serious assault tend to increase markedly over the festive season.”

Private Security South Africa – Reasons Why Crime Rates Increase Over The Festive Season

Drugs, Alcohol And Family Violence

“More people consume more alcohol and recreational drugs. Research conducted by the South African Police Service shows that most cases of violence occur when acquaintances, friends or family members have arguments that spiral out of control, especially when people are under the influence of alcohol or drugs. In many cases, nightclubs, taverns, shebeens and private homes of victims or perpetrators become crime scenes.

Many of these crimes are opportunistic. In the case of house burglaries, the opportunity is greater when people are away at work or on holiday. House robberies are also more likely to occur over the summer holidays when people tend to let their guard down and spend more time outside with their doors open. Although the available data allows inferences to be drawn about why crime spikes over the festive season, there are no accurate statistics to properly explain the trend.

We do know what the year-on-year crime statistics are for the various police station precincts because these are published annually on the SAPS website.”

Crime Hotspots

“What we do not know is where the crime hotspots are within these areas. The available station-level statistics do not provide us with enough information to gauge which crimes are on the increase or decrease in various suburbs and towns.

Similarly, the way in which the crime statistics are released does not provide citizens with real-time data to evaluate threats to their safety. By the time annual police statistics are released they are several months out of date.

The uncertainty this creates fuels fear of crime and a feeling of helplessness, and increases spending on private security, sophisticated security systems and firearms, and may contribute to increases in incidents of vigilantism.”

High Risk Areas

“Most other crimes are more likely to have “day-time” potential victims, such as commuters, shoppers or business employees. This includes business-related crime, street robberies, hijackings, theft and shoplifting. Here the average number of commuters, shoppers, businesses or employees – rather than the number of people living in the area – is useful data for planning police interventions.

Central business districts are usually the most high-risk areas in the country. These are areas like central Johannesburg, central Durban, central Cape Town and central Pretoria.

But many businesses close during the festive season and many households visit holiday destinations or gather at rural homesteads. This means that many of the high-risk areas may become low risk, and areas that are “sleepy hollows” most of the year may become more high risk over the December holiday period.”

Private Security South Africa – Tips For Helping Your Private Security Company In The Loop These December Holidays

“During the festive season, holidaymakers, visitors and those staying at home should remain vigilant. It is a good idea to discuss the neighbourhood crime situation with the local police, private security companies and community policing structures. Only through greater community involvement can stronger local support structures be built.”

Some additional tips to help your private security company during the December holidays:

  • Ensure that you have your alarm systems switched on during the holiday season, whether you are staying home or going away. This counts for businesses and private residences.
  • Be vigilant. At all times.
  • Keep your doors and windows closed, making sure they are locked where possible.
  • Be vigilant when visiting shopping centres and public areas.
  • Lock your vehicles at all times.
  • Keep an eye on your family members during family gatherings and in public areas.

This is not a comprehensive list, there are more things to bear in mind.

Contact us today for a free quote to help you with your security needs during the December holidays!

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Private Security Industry Growth – Why Has South African Security Become So Important?

Private Security Industry Growth – Why Has South African Security Become So Important

Private Security Industry Growth – Why Has South African Security Become So Important?

“Currently, South Africa’s private security industry is experiencing an unprecedented growth rate. Citizens are now spending as much as R45 billion annually to safeguard their lives, assets, homes and businesses. That’s a third more than the government spent on our police force in 2016 – making South Africa’s private security industry the fourth largest in the world per capita.”

Private Security Industry Growth – Why Has South African Security Become So Important?

“Now more than ever before South Africa’s private security industry needs the full backing of each and every citizen, our retail sector, and especially the state. Here are but a few reasons why.

SA’s Murder Rate

Our murder rate has risen nationally for the fourth year in a row, from 33 per 100 000 in 2014/2015 to 34 per 100 000 in 2016. By all indication this increase in fatal violence will continue over the coming years. What’s unsettling is that to date there are no solid answers as to why this is happening.

The Threat To Suburbia

House burglary is the number one contributor to public fear. And whilst recorded rates of house burglaries are on a long and steady decline – they’re now about a third lower than they were 15 years ago – this trend is mainly due to the increased reliance on private security companies.

Simply put, life without the security backing of private companies has become inconceivable.

The Threat To Our Retail Sector

There’s been a staggering 349% increase in business robberies over the last 11 years. According to SAPS statistics, this translates to an average of 54 reported armed robberies against businesses per day over the 2015/2016 cycle.

With an astounding 90% of attacks against businesses due to insider participation, there’s further been at least a 35% increase in attacks against retail cash deposit machines, safes and vaults. There’s also been a marked increase in the use of explosives. In reaction, and at too great a cost, our retail sector now has to dig deeper and deeper to safeguard its earnings, customers and employees.

Cash-In-Transit Heists

CIT crime is today seen as an elite crime in the criminal hierarchy. According to Dr Hennie Lochner, a senior lecturer at the University of South Africa and a former detective working on cash-in-transit cases, CIT syndicates’ methods are far more intricate and better executed than what is speculated.

“Typical cash-in-transit robberies are planned from 5-18 months before execution, and often with the help of corrupted cash-in-transit guards. They also set up safe houses close to the crime scene – mostly these are luxury homes in affluent neighbourhoods, drawing little attention.”

Lochner further adds that shopping centres have become key focus areas. “Syndicates are aware of the best escape routes, the pattern of police presence, where the CIT van is parked for collection and delivery, the amount of shoppers on site, the positioning of security guards and their numbers, as well as what’s happening a few hours before execution.”

Needless to say, our CIT industry is not geared to countering the threat posed by syndicates becoming more and more inventive with their strategies. This level of inventiveness is also not restricted to CIT crimes, but prevalent across all sectors targeted by criminals.

The Lack Of Public Faith In The South African Police Service

A recent ‘Victims of crime’ survey showed that the public’s faith in the police’s ability to solve crimes is steadily dropping. For example, in 2011, 64% of people had confidence in the police, whilst over the 2015/2016 cycle it dropped to 58.8%.

One of the main reasons for our continuous upward crime spiral is the tawdry state of the police service at grassroots level. In essence, and besides the scourge of corruption already plaguing our police force, it’s also under-staffed, its members under-trained, and it lacks vital resources to combat the ingenuity of modern syndicates. Sadly, the only part of the SAPS that meets security standards is the VIP Protection Service that works exclusively for our political elite.

No wonder South Africa’s citizens opt for private security. They literally hide behind walls guarded by electric fences, alarms and sensors, with security control room operatives on standby. If there’s a break-in or attack it’s mostly the security company one calls first, not the police.

Not too long ago, SAPS management reported to Parliament that our police service loses about

6000 members every year. What’s worrying is that most of these vacancies are just not being filled. As a result, greater pressure is placed on our police officers and detectives, which further restricts their ability to combat crime.

As long as the state fails in what is after all one of its fundamental duties to society, the privatisation of security in South Africa will expand and prosper. As citizens, it’s our duty to support this reality, to embrace it, and to learn to live with it. It’s the future, and ultimately no act of state will change it.”

Contact us today for a free quote on your security requirements!

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South African Security Industry Market Analysis

South African Security Industry Market Analysis

South African Security Industry Market Analysis

South Africa’s Security Industry is one of the largest in the world. It is continually growing with the increased crime rates that we are currently experiencing. “The majority of customers using private security services are businesses, but individual users are starting to invest more in security systems and the services that go along with them. The fact that the country’s private security industry is growing is astonishing on its own. There has been an increase in the crime rate over the years, and private security is the solution customers are relying on more and more.”

South African Security Industry Market Analysis – More Than Volume

“Private security firms across the country are taking advantage of market growth to expand their operations. These companies are hiring professional security specialists to lead smaller teams in handling projects in their portfolios. On top of that, there has been a big increase in investment, especially in the equipment department.

Some firms are adding high-quality security vehicles to their armada, complete with automatic license plate recognition, facial recognition, and other advanced features. They are working with companies from the United States and Europe to create new tools and to gain access to bigger catalogues of police supply.

As a result of these investments, private security companies are now able to offer a wider range of services, including the protection of commercial and residential complexes. The nation’s overstretched police force has even fallen behind when it comes to equipment and the amount of funding available to them.

South African Security Industry Market Analysis – A Vital Source Of Jobs

Customers are not the only ones benefitting from the rapid growth of the private security industry. The growing demand for security services also means more jobs are being created in the field. Combined, private security firms employ over 500,000 registered security officers across South Africa. That’s almost twice the size of the nation’s police force.

The Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority (PSiRA) is also taking a more active role in regulating the industry. We’re seeing better standards and detailed regulations helping to shape the industry. However, the government recently changed its Ministry of Safety and Security to Ministry of Police, signalling a possible centralisation of policing in the country.

The threat doesn’t seem to have had an effect on the industry just yet, but representatives for PSiRA are sounding their concerns. Julie Berg, an expert on Safety Governance and Criminology from the University of Cape Town, also stated that these concerns are warranted.

South African Security Industry Market Analysis – More Startups Joining The Market

Aside from more private security service providers, South Africa is also seeing an increase in the number of startups entering the security market. In today’s age of technology, IT is being used to provide security solutions for home and business users alike.

Smarter video surveillance, better alarm systems, and other new products are now available. These systems can be used in tandem with existing security services from established firms, which means customers – particularly businesses – can protect their assets better without having to invest in overly complicated solutions.

Whether the private security industry will survive more changes in regulations remains to be seen. In the meantime, the industry continues to grow at a steady and healthy rate.”

Contact us today for a free quote on your security requirements!

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The Biggest Types Of Private Security Businesses In South Africa

The Biggest Types Of Private Security Businesses In South Africa

The Biggest Types Of Private Security Businesses In South Africa

South Africa is regarded as one of the most un-safe countries and has one of the largest private security industries in the world. With the industry being as large as it is, there are also a range of different types of security businesses in South Africa as well.

The Biggest Types Of Private Security Businesses In South Africa

“The latest numbers from the Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority (PSIRA) show that the country currently has 500,000 active security officers, with over 1.5 million registered officers.

This is far higher than the South African Police force and the military, combined.

The South African police force, meanwhile, has around 153,000 sworn in police officers, while the South African army has only 89,000 active personnel – about half as many people as the private security force.

The private security sector is a multi-billion-rand industry, with citizens paying up to R45 billion a year for private protection.

However, despite the growth of the industry, and an increase in the number of active security officers between 2016 and 2017 (472,097 to 498,435) – not all categories of security are equal.

The number of security providers in South Africa has increased from 8,830 in 2016 to 8,995 in 2017 – an addition of 165 new SPs.

In terms of registered security businesses, however, there has been a marked decreased – moving down from 35,150 in 2016 to 31,470 in 2017. This decline of 3,680 registered businesses is across the board, with all but four business categories showing a drop.

The only increases were seen in cash-in-transit guards, reaction services, alarm installers, and dog trainers.

Here are the biggest types of security businesses in the country”:

Security Business No. of businesses 2016 No. of businesses 2017 Change
Security Guards 6 847 6 482 -365
Reaction Services 3 433 3 604 +171
Security Guards: Cash-in-transit 2 474 2 717 +243
Special Events 2 648 2 178 -470
Entertainment / Venue Control 2 588 2 119 -469
Body Guards 2 465 2 062 -403
Security Consultant 2 308 1 911 -397
Security Control Room 2 187 1 824 -363
Security Equipment Installer 1 868 1 572 -296
Rendering of Security Services 1 846 1 528 -318
Training 1 683 1 401 -282
Private Investigator 1 509 1 278 -231
Car Watch 1 502 1 245 -257
Manufacture Security Equipment 876 747 -129
Locksmith / Key Cutter 542 461 -81
Insurance 99 86 -13
Security and Loss Control 101 86 -15
Alarm Installer 71 77 +6
Fire Prevention and Detection 55 47 -8
Consulting Engineer 25 22 -3
Dog Training 15 16 +1
Anti-Poaching 8 7 -1


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Code Of Conduct For Security Guards In South Africa

Code Of Conduct For Security Guards In South Africa

Code Of Conduct For Security Guards In South Africa

Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority

Proper Conduct And Appeal

Code of conduct

28.1. The Minister must, after consultation with the Council, prescribe a code of conduct for

security service providers which contains sufficient procedures and rules of evidence

for its enforcement.

28.2. The code of conduct is legally binding on all security service providers, irrespective of

whether they are registered with the Authority or not and, to the extent provided for in

this Act, on every person using his or her own employees to protect or safeguard merely

his or her own property or other interests, or persons or property on his or her premises

or under his or her control.

28.3. The code of conduct must contain rules-

a. that security service providers must obey in order to promote, achieve and maintain –

i. a trustworthy and professional private security industry which acts in terms of the law applicable to the members of the industry;

ii. compliance by security service providers with a set of minimum standards of conduct which is necessary to realize the objects of the Authority; and

iii. compliance by security service providers with their obligations towards the State, the Authority, consumers of security services, the public and the private security industry in general; and

b. to ensure the payment of minimum wages and compliance with standards aimed at preventing exploitation or abuse of employees in the private security industry, including employees used to protect or safeguard merely the employer’s own property or other interests, or persons or property on the premises of, or under the control of the employer.

28.4. The code of conduct must be drawn up with due regard to –

a. the objects of the Authority; and

b. the different categories or classes of security service providers, different types of security services and any other factor meriting differentiation not amounting to unfair discrimination.

28.5. The code of conduct may provide for different penalties in respect of different categories or classes of security service providers or other persons who employ a security officer.

28.6. a. The code of conduct drawn up in terms of subsection (1) must first be published by the Minister in the Gazette with a notice indicating that the Minister intends to issue such a code and inviting interested persons to submit to the Minister within a stated period, but not less than four weeks from the date of publication of the notice, any objections to or representations concerning the proposed code of conduct: Provided that, if the Minister after the expiry of that period decides on any alterations of the proposed code as a result of any objections or representations, it is not necessary to publish such alterations for further comment.

b. The provisions of paragraph (a) apply with regard to any amendment of the code of conduct.

28.7. a. A code of conduct comes into operation on a date determined by the Minister in the Gazette.

b. The Minister may for the purposes of paragraph (a) determine different dates in respect of different categories or classes of security service providers. Improper conduct proceedings against security service providers

29.1. Improper conduct proceedings may, in the prescribed manner, be instituted by the Authority against a security service provider or other person who employs a security officer, on account of an allegation of improper conduct, whether such improper conduct was allegedly committed within or outside the borders of the Republic.

29.2. The person presiding at improper conduct proceedings may, on good grounds, conduct or proceed with such proceedings in the absence of the security service provider concerned.

Appeal against decisions

30.1. Any person aggrieved by-

a. the refusal by the Authority to grant his or her application for registration as a security service provider;

b. the suspension or withdrawal of his or her registration as a security service provider by the Authority; or

c. a finding against him or her, of improper conduct in terms of this Act, or the punishment imposed in consequence of the finding, may within a period of 60 days after service of the notification of the relevant decision contemplated in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), appeal to an appeal committee.

30.2. An appeal committee contemplated in subsection (1) is appointed by the Minister for every appeal and consists of-

a. a person with not less than five years’ experience as an attorney, advocate or magistrate, who is the presiding officer; and may also include

b. two other persons if it is considered appropriate by the Minister.

30.3. Every person serving as a member of an appeal committee must be independent from the Authority and may have no personal interest in the private security industry or in the affairs of an appellant.

30.4. The procedure in connection with the lodging and prosecution of an appeal in terms of this section must be prescribed.

30.5. The amounts payable by an appellant to the Authority in respect of the reproduction of records and related matters in the lodging and prosecution of an appeal must be prescribed.

30.6. The appeal committee hearing an appeal in terms of this section may confirm, set aside or vary the decision or substitute for such decision any other decision which in the opinion of the appeal committee ought to have been taken and direct the Authority to do everything necessary to give effect to the decision of the appeal committee.

30.7. A member of the appeal committee may be paid such remuneration and allowance as the Minister may, from time to time, determine with the concurrence of the Minister of Finance.”

On the 30th of September 2015, The Government Gazette released an AMENDMENT TO THE REGULATIONS MADE UNDER THE PRIVATE SECURITY INDUSTRY REGULATION ACT, 2001 (ACT NO. 56 OF 2001).

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Security Regulations South Africa – Security Laws And Regulations South Africa

Security Regulations South Africa - Security Laws And Regulations South Africa

Security Regulations South Africa – Security Laws And Regulations South Africa

As with most industries, there are laws and regulations that govern the Security Industry in South Africa.

Security Regulations South Africa – Regulations In South Africa

“The Private Security Industry in South Africa is regulated by:

  • The Private Security Industry Regulatory (PSIRA) Act.
  • The sectoral determination, number 6, issued in terms of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act.

Clause 38(3)(g) of the PSIRA Act stipulates:

‘Any person who knowingly or without exercise of reasonable care contracts for the rendering of security services contrary to a provision of this Act is guilty of an offence, and on a conviction of a contravention, is liable to a fine or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 24 months, or to both a fine and such imprisonment.’

The private security industry is currently under serious threat from non-compliance by fly-by-night security companies, who use various means of avoiding statutory costs and exploit the labour force. All of these exploitation factors lead to serious employee dissatisfaction, which reduces the level of security awareness and dedication. This is ultimately to the detriment of the consumer.

While there is adequate legislation controlling the private security sector, unscrupulous operators are continuously finding means to circumvent minimum standards, in order to gain an unfair advantage over professional and compliant security service providers.

Many reputable consumers of security services are unwittingly entering into contracts with non-compliant security providers. SASA believes that with growing awareness, no reasonable company will wish to associate itself with such unscrupulous organisations.”

Security Regulations South Africa – The Cost Of Non-Compliance

“The consequences of hiring non-compliant security companies include:

Security officers on your site, who are poorly trained and unable to perform their duties properly.

Security officers on your site, who are underpaid, and vulnerable to the temptation of criminal collusion.

Heavy financial penalties or jail time, for consumers who continue to transgress the Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority (PSIRA) Act.”

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Institute For Security Studies

Institute For Security Studies

Institute For Security Studies

Institute For Security Studies – How They Work

“The Institute for Security Studies (ISS) partners to build knowledge and skills that secure Africa’s future. Our goal is to enhance human security as a means to achieve sustainable peace and prosperity.

The ISS is an African non-profit organisation with offices in South Africa, Kenya, Ethiopia and Senegal. Our work covers transnational crimes, migration, maritime security and development, peacekeeping, peacebuilding, crime prevention and criminal justice, and the analysis of conflict and governance.

Using our networks and influence, we provide timely and credible analysis, practical training and technical assistance to governments and civil society. This promotes better policy and practice, because senior officials can make informed decisions about how to deal with Africa’s human security challenges.”

Institute For Security Studies – Areas Of Work

“Conflict, peace and governance: the ISS conducts fieldwork and quantitative futures research to understand national, regional and continental trends in conflict, politics, economics and development. Results inform local and international policy and strategy and enable decision makers to test the implications of their policy choices well into the future.

Crime And Justice

The ISS collaborates with government and civil society in South Africa to develop evidence-based policy that improves the performance of the criminal justice system and prevents violence.

Maritime Security

The ISS raises awareness about maritime security and its role in Africa’s blue economy, and works with the African Union, regional economic communities and states to develop policy and strategy.


The ISS examines the causes and consequences of mass migration from and within Africa, and uses the results to inform policy and strategy in Africa and globally.

Peace Operations And Peacebuilding

In countries coming out of conflicts, the ISS works with governments and regional and international institutions to improve policy and practice.

Transnational Threats And International Crime

The ISS partners with governments, regional and international institutions, and civil society to respond effectively and appropriately to terrorism, organised crime, arms proliferation, crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide.”

Institute For Security Studies – What Gives ISS The Edge?

“The ISS is able to improve human security in Africa and achieve impact because:

We are African. ISS is invested in and committed to the continent. We are sensitive to the African context and responsive to Africa’s needs and complexities.

Our approach is collaborative. We partner with those who can improve policy and practice. By providing practical support, these partnerships enable the ISS to bring about lasting change.

We build trust with governments and civil society by being credible, independent and committed to the best interests of Africa.

We harness our networks in Africa and globally to build connections and influence debates and decisions in a constructive way.

Our authoritative and relevant research responds to African priorities and informs policy and practice. Research and analysis underpins the training and technical support that ISS provides.”

Institute For Security Studies – Who Does ISS Work With?

“The ISS collaborates with government and civil society at national, regional, continental and international levels. The media is key to the ISS’ goal of improving accountability by providing independent analysis to the public.”

Institute For Security Studies – What Led To The Establishment Of The ISS?

“The ISS was founded in 1991 as the Institute for Defence Policy by the former executive director, Dr Jakkie Cilliers, together with Mr PB Mertz. In 1996, the organisation was renamed the Institute for Security Studies.

‘We often forget the difficult times of our past and where we come from’, says Cilliers reflecting on the origins of the ISS. ‘The idea and motivation for the ISS was born during a meeting organised by Institute for Democracy in Africa (IDASA) between a number of concerned South Africans and members of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC, in Lusaka in May 1990. This was a groundbreaking conference of South African and other security specialists and analysts – the first of its kind despite the unbanning of the ANC earlier that year’. The meeting was dominated by a debate on the future of the military in a post-settlement South Africa that took place between Chris Hani, commander of MK, and Cilliers. Several years before this meeting, Cilliers had resigned from the South African Defence Force (SADF) for political reasons.

Shortly after the May 1990 meeting, the forerunner of the ISS – the Institute for Defence Policy (IDP) – was established with a staff of three people. ‘These were difficult times as South Africa was still under National Party apartheid rule’, says Cilliers. ‘Former military comrades considered me – a former Lieutenant Colonel in field artillery – a traitor, so the phones of the IDP and its staff were tapped; we were under heavy intimidation by the Civilian Cooperation Bureau and the lives of staff and those associated with staff were in considerable danger. Ironically, our credibility was guaranteed by an MK enquiry into whether the IDP was an apartheid government military front organisation, only to find out that military intelligence thought we were an ANC front organisation’.

For a non-governmental organisation, working on security issues at this time in South Africa was a major challenge. ‘We shouldn’t forget that civil war threatened’, explains Cilliers. ‘The true transition of power in South Africa didn’t happen during the elections of 1994, but during the events in the former homeland of Bophuthatswana. The SADF neutralised the right wing coup there organised by the leader of the Freedom Front, a former chief of the SADF, General Constant Viljoen, and a band of rag-tag racist thugs (the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging). The former SADF was a formidable military force and “white” South Africa was a heavily militarised society during a time of regional war and internal unrest’, says Cilliers.

Nevertheless, despite the challenges, the applied policy work of the IDP meant that the organisation played a key role in South Africa’s transition from an apartheid state to a democracy. After 1996 the work of the ISS focused less on South Africa and took on a regional dimension, resulting in the thriving continental organisation that exists today.

The development of the ISS would not have been possible without the support of partners from South Africa and the international community. The first funds that ISS received were from the Friedrich Naumann Foundation in Bonn, and Anglo American and De Beers Chairman’s Fund. Subsequently the Hanns Seidel Foundation became an important partner of the ISS, along with many valued local and international partners.”

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